A Complete Guide for IIT JEE – JEE Main – JEE Advanced Exam

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February 2, 2024

The JEE Main is an annual computer-based online test organized by the National Testing Agency. It is intended for individuals who aspire to pursue undergraduate engineering courses at esteemed institutions in India. The JEE Main 2024 exam consists of two papers: Paper 1 and Paper 2. Paper 1 is designed for candidates seeking admission to undergraduate engineering programs (B.E./B.Tech.) at NITs, IITs, CFTIs, state-funded/reputed institutions, and universities. On the other hand, Paper 2 is conducted for admissions to B.Arch and B.Planning courses.

How To Apply The registration process for JEE Main 2024 Session 1 has already started from 2nd November 2023 and will end on 4th December 2023. Candidates can apply online through the official website of Joint Entrance Examination – jeemain.nta.nic.in. Click here to register for JEE Main 2024 Session 1.

The registration process for JEE Main 2024 Session 2 will start from 2nd February 2024 and will end on 2nd March 2024. Candidates can apply online through the same website. The direct link for online registration for Session 2 will be updated here, when it becomes available.

To fill the JEE Main 2024 application form, candidates have to follow these steps:

  1. Visit the official website at jeemain.nta.nic.in and click on the link ‘Registration for JEE Main 2024’.
  2. Select any one of the following options to register for JEE Main 2024: Digi Locker ID/ ABC ID/ Indian Passport Number/ Non-Indian Passport Number/ PAN Card Number/ Aadhaar Enrollment Number.
  3. Select any one of the following options for authentication at the examination centre: Valid Government ID with a Photograph/ Aadhaar Card.
  4. Login with the system generated application number and pre-created password or Digi Locker ID/ ABC ID.
  5. Fill all the details in the application form, such as personal details, academic details, exam details, etc.
  6. Upload scanned images of candidate’s photograph, signature, and PwD Certificate/ UDID Card (if applicable) in JPG/JPEG format. The photograph should be either in colour or black & white with 80% face (without mask) and white background. The size of the photograph should be between 10 KB to 200 KB. The size of the signature should be between 4 KB to 30 KB. The size of the PwD Certificate/ UDID Card should be between 50 KB to 300 KB.
  7. Pay the application fee through online mode, using debit card/ credit card/ net banking/ UPI/ Paytm. The application fee for Paper 1 or Paper 2 is Rs. 650 for male candidates of General/ Gen-EWS/ OBC-NCL categories and Rs. 325 for female candidates of all categories and candidates of SC/ ST/ PwD/ Transgender categories. The application fee for both Paper 1 and Paper 2 is Rs. 1300 for male candidates of General/ Gen-EWS/ OBC-NCL categories and Rs. 650 for female candidates of all categories and candidates of SC/ ST/ PwD/ Transgender categories.
  8. Download and print a copy of the confirmation page and keep it for future reference.

Candidates can make corrections in their application form during the correction window, which will be announced by NTA later. Candidates are advised to check their application form carefully before submitting it and to keep a copy of the confirmation page for future reference.


IIT JEE 2024: Exam Date, Syllabus, Eligibility Criteria

JEE Main 2024 Exam Date

EventsTentative JEE Main Dates 2024
Release of official JEE Main notificationNovember 2023
Availability of JEE Main 2024 brochureNovember 2023
Commencement of JEE Main registration 2024January session – November 2023
 April session – Last week of March 2024
JEE Main application form last date 2024January session – December 2023
 April session – April 2024
JEE Main 2024 application correctionJanuary session – December 2023
 April session – March 2024
Admit Card Release DateJanuary session – January 2024
 April session – April 2024
JEE Main 2024 exam dateJanuary session – January 2024
 April session – April 2024
JEE Main result dateJanuary session – January 2024
 April session – April 2024

JEE Main 2024 Highlights

Examination NameJoint Entrance Examination Main (JEE Main)
Conducting BodyNational Testing Agency (NTA)
Purpose of ExaminationAdmission into NITs, IIITs and CFTIs and a qualifying test for JEE Advanced
CategoryUndergraduate (UG) Exam
Level of ExamNational Level
Number of Sessions2 (Tentative)
Mode of ExaminationPaper-1: Computer-based test
 Mathematics and Aptitude – computer-based test
 Planning section (B.Plan) – computer-based test
 Drawing test (B.Arch) – pen-and-paper based exam
Mode of ApplicationOnline
Official Web Portaljeemain.nta.nic.in and nta.ac.in

JEE Main 2024 Eligibility Criteria

Age limitThere is no age limit.
Qualifying ExaminationCandidates must have passed 10+2 or equivalent examinations from a recognised board.
Year of Passing the Qualifying ExaminationCandidates who have passed 10+2 or equivalent examination in 2022, 2023 or are appearing for it in 2024 will only be eligible for JEE Main 2024.
Number of Subjects in the Qualifying ExaminationThe candidates should have qualified in 5 subjects: Language, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry/Biology/Biotechnology/Technical Vocational Subject, Any other subject
Admission Criteria for IITs, NITs, IIITs and CFTIsFor B.Tech/B.Arch/B.Plan admissions in IIITs, NITs and CFITs, candidates should have secured minimum 75% marks (65% for SC/ST category candidates) or should fall under the top 20 percentile of their respective boards. For B.Arch admission in institutes other than IIITs, NITs, and CFITs, candidates should have scored 50% aggregate marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics in 10+2 or equivalent.

IIT JEE is the topic of discussion for every aspiring engineer. To crack the exam is the dream for every aspirant. However, only a few can make it. Make the exam as your dream, your ambition and prepare yourself with the full determination. Therefore, to help you, I am here to share a complete guide about the IIT- JEE (JEE Main, JEE Advanced). This complete information will guide you the best to reach your destination.

What is the IIT JEE Exam?

IIT JEE is Joint – Entrance Examination for Architecture & Engineering Courses. The exam offers admission in IITs, NITs and other prestigious engineering colleges across India. IIT JEE proved to be a great opportunity for aspiring engineers. The answer to what is IIT JEE is, IIT JEE is an exam, which is the best platform for the Engineering and Architecture aspirants. The exam provides the opportunity to the students to highlight their talent and knowledge with the IITs level.

The 3 phases of IIT JEE is Main, Advanced, and Architecture Aptitude Test (AAT).

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IIT JEE Main Exam

The first step of IIT JEE is the Main examination. The exam is conducted in the online mode by NTA in the month of January and April. The NTA uses LAN instead of the Internet to conduct a safe and secure examination.

The further journey of the aspirants will only begin after the qualification in the Main examination. The scores in the Mains are the eligibility to move to the next phase i.e. Advanced.

IIT JEE Advanced Exam

JEE, Advanced is the second phase of the IIT JEE examination. The advanced exam is difficult than that of the main exam. This exam will be conducted in online mode.

JEE B Arch (AAT)

The exam is for the aspiring Architects. The exam will help you to pursue the Architecture courses from IITs. The candidates can give AAT exam once they will qualify the JEE Main and Advanced exam. However, there are only two IITs, which offer you the Architecture Courses through JEE B Arch. They are IIT Kharagpur and Roorkee.

IIT JEE Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility Criteria is an important factor to take care before appearing in the examination. The Nation Testing Agency has some guidelines for the eligibility criteria of the candidate. The candidate must go through these guidelines before applying for both the examination.

Mains Eligibility Criteria

  •  Nationality
  • Date of Birth and Age Limit
  • Year of Appearance in Class 12th or Equivalent Exam
  • Names of Qualifying Exams
  •  No. of Subjects in Qualifying Exams
  •  No. of Attempts in Main
  • Marks obtained in Qualifying Exams

Advanced Eligibility Criteria

  • The Score in Main Exam
  • Age Limit & Date of Birth
  • Criteria for College Admission
  • Names of Qualifying Exams
  • Marks obtained in Qualifying Exams
  • No. of Attempts in Advanced
JEE Main 2024 Exam Pattern
Total Number of Questions90 Questions
Total Marks300 Marks
SectionsPhysics, Chemistry and Mathematics
Number of Questions30 Objective Type – Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) + 10 Questions with answer as numerical value, with equal weightage to Mathematics, Physics & Chemistry
 Candidates will have to attempt only 5 questions out of 10 numerical value questions.
Number of Marks per SectionPhysics- 100 Marks
 Chemistry- 100 Marks
 Mathematics- 100 Marks
Total Number of Questions82 Questions
Total Marks400 Marks
SectionsMathematics, Aptitude and Drawing
Number of QuestionsMathematics-30 Objective Type – Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) & 10 Questions for which answer is a numerical value. Candidates have to attempt 5 out of 10 questions with numerical value answer. Aptitude- 50 MCQs Drawing- 2 questions
Number of Marks per SectionMathematics- 100 Marks
 Aptitude- 200 Marks
 Drawing- 100 Marks
Total Number of Questions105 Questions
Total Marks400 Marks
SectionsMathematics, Aptitude and Planning
Number of QuestionsMathematics- 20 Objective Type – Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) & 10 Questions for which answer is a numerical value. Candidates have to attempt 5 out of 10 questions with numerical value answer. Aptitude Test – 50 Objective Type – Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Planning Based Questions -25 Objective Type – Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)
Number of Marks per SectionMathematics- 100 Marks
 Aptitude- 200 Marks
 Planning- 100 Marks

Syllabus Changes for JEE Advanced 2024

If we look at the new syllabus, several new topics have been included in the three subjects. They are as follows:

The Mathematics section includes topics such as Sets, Relations, and Functions, Algebra, Matrices, amongst others.

The Physics section includes topics under the broad categories of General Physics, Mechanics, Thermal Physics, Electromagnetic waves, Optics amongst others.

The Chemistry section covers topics including the States of Matter: Gases and Liquids, Atomic Structure, Chemical Bonding, and Molecular Structure, amongst others.

PhysicsA Complete Guide for IIT JEE – JEE Main – JEE Advanced Exam
ChemistryA Complete Guide for IIT JEE – JEE Main – JEE Advanced Exam
MathematicsA Complete Guide for IIT JEE – JEE Main – JEE Advanced Exam
Architecture Aptitude Test (AAT)A Complete Guide for IIT JEE – JEE Main – JEE Advanced Exam

How to download JEE Main Admit Card 2024?

  1. Visit the official website of JEE Main 2024.
  2. Click on ‘Download JEE Main 2024 admit card’.
  3. Enter your credentials, including your application number, password, and security code.
  4. After entering the above details, your admit card will be displayed.
  5. Download, save, and take a printout of the same.

The admit card of JEE Main Exam 2024 contains the following details:

  • Name of the candidate
  • JEE Main 2024 test centre
  • Exam date
  • Exam shift

It’s important to note that the choice of cities for Centre, Date, Shift, and Paper (Paper-1, Paper-2, or Paper-3) provided in the admit card cannot be changed under any circumstances.

Candidates are advised to check the JEE Main 2024 admit card thoroughly for their Name, Paper, Date of Birth, Gender, Test Centre Name, City, etc. In case of any discrepancy, students should immediately get in touch with the JEE Main Secretariat for necessary action.

If candidates are unable to download the admit card from the official website, they should call the following numbers for technical support:

Call Centre Numbers: 0120-6895200

Besides JEE Main 2024 admit card, students also need to carry the following to the exam centre:

  • One passport size photograph (same as uploaded on the Online Application Form) should be taken for pasting on the specific space in the attendance sheet at the Centre during the JEE (Main) Examination.
  • Any one of the authorized photo IDs (must be original, valid, and non-expired) – PAN card/Driving License/Voter ID/Passport/Aadhaar Card (With photograph)/Aadhaar Enrolment No/Ration Card
  • PwD certificate issued by the Competent Authority, if claiming relaxation under PwD category

JEE Main will now be conducted four times a year by NTA. The JEE Main application form is available in the online mode. Candidates who wish to appear must fill and submit their application form within the given time period.

Please note that the information provided is based on the content you shared and may be subject to change. It’s always a good idea to refer to the official website or the latest official notification for the most accurate and up-to-date information regarding JEE Main 2024.

How to Crack IIT JEE in the First Attempt?

Here are the tips to crack IIT JEE in the first attempt.

  1. Know the syllabus and have a study plan ready.
  2. Understanding concepts and practice is the key.
  3. Avoid reading multiple books.
  4. Clear your doubts regularly.
  5. Revise, again and again.
  6. Solve previous years papers and online mock tests.
  7. Work smart, not just hard.
  8. When feeling low, talk to your parents or teachers.
  9. Get proper sleep, eat healthy.
  10. Be determined and stay positive.
A Complete Guide for IIT JEE – JEE Main – JEE Advanced Exam 1
A Complete Guide for IIT JEE – JEE Main – JEE Advanced Exam 2


  1. Make a plan and adhere to it
  2. Don’t waste time
  3. Study yourself
  4. Practice a lot
  5. Do not skip important topics
  6. Clear your concept
  7. Make calculations faster
  8. Focus on mock papers
  9. Ask for expert guidance
  10. Be active

How to Score 90+ Marks in Maths JEE Mains 2024 ?

Some steps should be followed for Preparation of examinations:

    1. Dont go through the Solutions without solving questions :-Students should first attempt questions instead to watching solutions first. Many Students have the tendency to read the questions and if they find difficult, they left that questions and watch the answer. This should not be done. If they are doing then they will become dependent on the Solutions. Candidate should have fighting spirit of solving the difficult questions also. Candidates should attempt questions atleast 15 minutes on each questions then refer the solutions.
    2. Select the Chapters of Maths having more weightage in JEE Mains :Candidates should focus on the Chapters of Maths which have more weightage on JEE Mains. Some Chapters are very important for the examination point of view. Candidates should know about the exam pattern , Chapterwise weightage of Maths in JEE Mains . This will help them to get an idea that which type of questions usually comes in an exam? and What are the pattern of questions etc… which will help them in preparation of exams. Some topics will be given more weightage in accordance with the importance while learning. Students will get to know which topics are more important for exams and which one is less important can focus on the topics by analyzing the difficulty level and weightage.
    3. Most Important Chapters of JEE Mains :Some chapters are very important from JEE Mains examination point of view. These chapters include — Integrals, 3-D Geometry, Probability, Conic section, Vector Algebra, Functions, Limits, Continuity & Derivability, Matrices & determinants, Probability, Permutation and Combination. Class `12 and Class 11 both have equal weightage of marks in examinations.
    4. For scoring more marks Candidates must have :
      • Coaching or Good books : Arihant publication and Cengage which is the best book for JEE Mains Preparation
      • Question Solving >>>> Logical Thinking
        If Students are targeting 90+ marks in exams. Then along with the questions solving they should have the ability to think logically. As exam is of 3 hours . So equal time should be givem to each of the sections in exams. Maths is of 60 minutes. So logical thinking should be of advanced level then Candidates will be able to get more marks in examinations.
      • Its not easy to get 90+ marks in exam.

Last few Tips to Score Good Marks

  1. Build your Concepts
    • Read Books / Attend Class regularly
    • Make notes / short notes properly.
    • Revise and Practice Questions
    • Build your Concepts and Confidence
    • Mark Important Questions
  2. Practice Strategy
    • Solve examples
    • Solve 300+ questions from each Chapter (Atleast)
    • Practise JEE Mains / JEE Advanced , BITSAT Paper and Coaching Test Paper
    • Practice Olympiad , KVPY Question Paper
    • Prepare very well for JEE Advanced level problems.
  3. Revision Strategy
    • Solve Marked Questions
    • Analyze your weakness
    • Solve 30-40 questions in a fixed time interval
    • Determine the strong section of the subject.
    • Improve weakness
  4. Join Test Series
    • Scoring good marks , Try to maintain
    • Scoring Less , Try to improve
    • Target 25+ questions to solve
    • Give Olympiad , KVPY and other exams.

JEE Advanced Syllabus and Topics For Physics

Units and dimensions, dimensional analysis; least count, significant figures; Methods of measurement and error analysis for physical quantities pertaining to the following experiments: Experiments based on using Vernier calipers and screw gauge (micrometer), Determination of g using simple pendulum, Young’s modulus by Searle’s method, Specific heat of a liquid using calorimeter, focal length of a concave mirror and a convex lens using u-v method, Speed of sound using resonance column, Verification of Ohm’s law using voltmeter and ammeter, and specific resistance of the material of a wire using a meter bridge and a post office box.
Kinematics in one and two dimensions (Cartesian coordinates only), projectiles; Uniform circular motion; Relative velocity. Newton’s laws of motion; Inertial and uniformly accelerated frames of reference; Static and dynamic friction; Kinetic and potential energy; Work and power; Conservation of linear momentum and mechanical energy. Systems of particles; Centre of mass and its motion; Impulse; Elastic and inelastic collisions. Law of gravitation; Gravitational potential and field; Acceleration due to gravity; Motion of planets and satellites in circular orbits; Escape velocity. Rigid body, moment of inertia, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, moment of inertia of uniform bodies with simple geometrical shapes; Angular momentum; Torque; Conservation of angular momentum; Dynamics of rigid bodies with fixed axis of rotation; Rolling without slipping of rings, cylinders and spheres; Equilibrium of rigid bodies; Collision of point masses with rigid bodies. Linear and angular simple harmonic motions. Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus. Pressure in a fluid; Pascal’s law; Buoyancy; Surface energy and surface tension, capillary rise; Viscosity (Poiseuille’s equation excluded), Stoke’s law; Terminal velocity, Streamline flow, equation of continuity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications. Wave motion (plane waves only), longitudinal and transverse waves, superposition of waves; Progressive and stationary waves; Vibration of strings and air columns; Resonance; Beats; Speed of sound in gases; Doppler effect (in sound).
Thermal Physics:
Thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases; Calorimetry, latent heat; Heat conduction in one dimension; Elementary concepts of convection and radiation; Newton’s law of cooling; Ideal gas laws; Specific heats (Cv and Cp for monatomic and diatomic gases); Isothermal and adiabatic processes, bulk modulus of gases; Equivalence of heat and work; First law of thermodynamics and its applications (only for ideal gases); Blackbody radiation: absorptive and emissive powers; Kirchhoff’s law; Wien’s displacement law, Stefan’s law.
Electricity and Magnetism
Coulomb’s law; Electric field and potential; Electrical potential energy of a system of point charges and of electrical dipoles in a uniform electrostatic field; Electric field lines; Flux of electric field; Gauss’s law and its application in simple cases, such as, to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Capacitance; Parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectrics; Capacitors in series and parallel; Energy stored in a capacitor. Electric current; Ohm’s law; Series and parallel arrangements of resistances and cells; Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications; Heating effect of current. Biot–Savart’s law and Ampere’s law; Magnetic field near a current-carrying straight wire, along the axis of a circular coil and inside a long straight solenoid; Force on a moving charge and on a current-carrying wire in a uniform magnetic field. Magnetic moment of a current loop; Effect of a uniform magnetic field on a current loop; Moving coil galvanometer, voltmeter, ammeter and their conversions. Electromagnetic induction: Faraday’s law, Lenz’s law; Self and mutual inductance; RC, LR and LC circuits with d.c. and a.c. sources.
Rectilinear propagation of light; Reflection and refraction at plane and spherical surfaces; Total internal reflection; Deviation and dispersion of light by a prism; Thin lenses; Combinations of mirrors and thin lenses; Magnification. Wave nature of light: Huygen’s principle, interference limited to Young’s double-slit experiment.
Modern Physics
Atomic nucleus; α, β and γ radiations; Law of radioactive decay; Decay constant; Halflife and mean life; Binding energy and its calculation; Fission and fusion processes; Energy calculation in these processes. Photoelectric effect; Bohr’s theory of hydrogen-like atoms; Characteristic and continuous X-rays, Moseley’s law; de Broglie wavelength of matter waves.

 Physics is challenging for many students. Therefore, the students are advised to put in the extra effort while preparing for this subject. Practice different types of questions and lay a lot of stress on conceptual clarity rather than just rote learning.

JEE Advanced Syllabus and Important Topics for Chemistry

Physical Chemistry Syllabus

General topics:
The concept of atoms and molecules, Mole concept, Dalton’s atomic theory. Balanced chemical equations, Chemical formulas, Calculations on mole concept involving common oxidation and reduction. Neutralization and displacement reactions. Concentration in terms of mole fraction, molality, molarity, and normality.
Liquid and Gaseous States:
The absolute scale of temperature, ideal gas equation, Deviation from ideality, van der Waals equation. Kinetic theory of gases, average, root mean square and most probable velocities and their relation with temperature. Law of partial pressures, Vapour pressure and Diffusion of gases.
Atomic Structure and Chemical Bonding:
Bohr model, the spectrum of a hydrogen atom, quantum numbers, Wave-particle duality, de Broglie hypothesis and Uncertainty principle. Qualitative quantum mechanical picture of the hydrogen atom, shapes of s, p and d orbitals, Electronic configurations of elements (up to atomic number 36), Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principle and Hund’s rule. Orbital overlap and the covalent bond; Hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals only; Orbital energy diagrams for homonuclear diatomic species; Hydrogen bond. Polarity in molecules, dipole moment (qualitative aspects only), VSEPR model and shapes of molecules (linear, angular, triangular, square planar, pyramidal, square pyramidal, trigonal bipyramidal, tetrahedral and octahedral).
First law of Thermodynamics, Internal energy, work, and heat. Pressure-Volume work, Enthalpy, Hess’s law; Heat of reaction, fusion, and vaporization. The second law of Thermodynamics, Entropy, Free energy, and criterion of spontaneity.
Chemical Equilibrium:
Law of mass action, Equilibrium constant, and Le Chatelier’s principle (effect of concentration, temperature and pressure). The significance of Delta G and Delta G0 in chemical equilibrium, Solubility product, common ion effect, pH, and buffer solutions. Acids and bases (Bronsted and Lewis concepts) and Hydrolysis of salts.
Electrochemical cells and cell reactions; Standard electrode potentials; Nernst equation and its relation to Delta G. Electrochemical series, emf of galvanic cells, Faraday’s laws of electrolysis. Electrolytic conductance, specific, equivalent and molar conductivity, Kohlrausch’s law, and Concentration cells.
Chemical Kinetics:
Rates of chemical reactions, Order of reactions, and Rate constant. First order reactions, Temperature dependence of rate constant (Arrhenius equation).
Solid State:
Classification of solids, crystalline state, and seven crystal systems (cell parameters a, b, c, Alpha, Beta, Gamma). Close-packed structure of solids (cubic), packing in fcc, bcc and hcp lattices. Nearest neighbours, ionic radii, simple ionic compounds, point defects.
Raoult’s law, Molecular weight determination from lowering of vapour pressure, the elevation of boiling point and depression of freezing point. Surface chemistry: Elementary concepts of adsorption (excluding adsorption isotherms). Colloids: types, methods of preparation and general properties; Elementary ideas of emulsions, surfactants, and micelles (only definitions and examples).
Nuclear chemistry:
Radioactivity: isotopes and isobars, Properties of Alpha, Beta, and Gamma rays. Kinetics of radioactive decay (decay series excluded), carbon dating. Stability of nuclei with respect to proton-neutron ratio; Brief discussion on fission and fusion reactions.

Inorganic Chemistry Syllabus

Isolation/preparation and properties of the non-metals:
Boron, silicon, nitrogen, phosphorus, oxygen, sulphur, and halogens. Properties of allotropes of carbon (only diamond and graphite), phosphorus and sulphur.
Preparation and properties of the compounds:
Oxides, peroxides, hydroxides, carbonates, bicarbonates, chlorides and sulphates of sodium, potassium, magnesium and calcium. Boron: diborane, boric acid, borax, and Aluminium: alumina, aluminium chloride and alums. Carbon: oxides and oxyacid (carbonic acid), and Silicon: silicones, silicates and silicon carbide. Nitrogen: oxides, oxyacids and ammonia, and Phosphorus: oxides, oxyacids (phosphorus acid phosphoric acid) and phosphine. Oxygen: ozone and hydrogen peroxide, and Sulphur: hydrogen sulphide, oxides, sulphurous acid, sulphuric acid and sodium thiosulphate. Halogens: hydrohalic acids, oxides and oxyacids of chlorine, bleaching powder; Xenon fluorides.
Transition elements (3d series):
Definition, general characteristics, oxidation states and their stabilities, colour (excluding the details of electronic transitions) and calculation of spin-only magnetic moment. Coordination compounds: nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, cis-trans and ionisation isomerisms, hybridization and geometries of mononuclear coordination compounds (linear, tetrahedral, square planar and octahedral).
Preparation and properties of the following compounds:
Oxides and chlorides of tin, and lead. Oxides, chlorides and sulphates of Fe2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+. Potassium permanganate, potassium dichromate, silver oxide, silver nitrate, silver thiosulphate.
Ores and minerals:
Commonly occurring ores and minerals of iron, copper, tin, lead, magnesium, aluminum, zinc, and silver. Extractive metallurgy: Chemical principles, and reactions only (industrial details excluded).
Reduction Methods:
Carbon reduction method (iron and tin), Self-reduction method (copper and lead), Electrolytic reduction method (magnesium and aluminium), Cyanide process (silver and gold). Principles of qualitative analysis: Groups I to V (only Ag+, Hg2+, Cu2+, Pb2+, Bi3+, Fe3+, Cr3+, Al3+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Zn2+, Mn2+ and Mg2+); Nitrate, halides (excluding fluoride), sulphate and sulphide.

Organic Chemistry Syllabus

Basic Concepts:
Hybridization of carbon; _ and _-bonds; Shapes of simple organic molecules, Structural and geometrical isomerism, Optical isomerism of compounds containing up to two asymmetric centres, (R,S and E,Z nomenclature excluded). IUPAC nomenclature of simple organic compounds (only hydrocarbons, monofunctional, and bifunctional compounds), Conformations of ethane and butane (Newman projections), Resonance and hyperconjugation. Keto-enol tautomerism, Determination of empirical and molecular formulae of simple compounds (only combustion method); Hydrogen bonds: definition and their effects on physical properties of alcohols and carboxylic acids. Inductive and resonance effects on acidity and basicity of organic acids and bases, Polarity and inductive effects in alkyl halides. Reactive intermediates produced during homolytic and heterolytic bond cleavage, Formation, structure and stability of carbocations, carbanions and free radicals.
Preparation, properties, and reactions of Alkenes and Alkynes:
Physical properties of alkenes and alkynes (boiling points, density and dipole moments); Acidity of alkynes. Acid-catalyzed hydration of alkenes and alkynes (excluding the stereochemistry of addition and elimination), Reactions of alkenes with KMnO4 and ozone. Reduction of alkenes and alkynes; Preparation of alkenes and alkynes by elimination reactions. Electrophilic addition reactions of alkenes with X2, HX, HOX, and H2O (X=halogen), Addition reactions of alkynes, and Metal acetylides.
Properties, Preparation, and reactions of Alkanes:
Homologous series, physical properties of alkanes (melting points, boiling points and density). Combustion and halogenation of alkanes. Preparation of alkanes by Wurtz reaction and decarboxylation reactions.
Reactions of Phenol and Benzene:
Structure and aromaticity, Electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation, nitration, sulphonation, Friedel-Crafts alkylation and acylation, Effect of o-, m- and p-directing groups in monosubstituted benzenes. Phenols: Acidity, electrophilic substitution reactions (halogenation, nitration and sulphonation); Reimer-Tiemann reaction, and Kolbe reaction.
Characteristic Reactions:
Alkyl halides: rearrangement reactions of alkyl carbocation, Grignard reactions, nucleophilic substitution reactions. Alcohols: esterification, dehydration and oxidation, reaction with sodium, phosphorus halides, ZnCl2/concentrated HCl, conversion of alcohols into aldehydes and Ketones. Ethers: Preparation by Williamson’s Synthesis; Aldehydes and Ketones: oxidation, reduction, oxime and hydrazone formation; aldol condensation, Perkin reaction; Cannizzaro reaction; haloform reaction and nucleophilic addition reactions (Grignard addition). Carboxylic acids: formation of esters, acid chlorides, and amides, ester hydrolysis. Amines: basicity of substituted anilines and aliphatic amines, preparation from nitro compounds, reaction with nitrous acid, the azo coupling reaction of diazonium salts of aromatic amines, Sandmeyer and related reactions of diazonium salts; carbylamine reaction. Haloarenes: nucleophilic aromatic substitution in haloarenes and substituted haloarenes (excluding Benzyne mechanism and Cine substitution).
Classification, mono- and disaccharides (glucose and sucrose), Oxidation, reduction, glycoside formation and hydrolysis of sucrose. Amino acids and peptides: General structure (only primary structure for peptides) and physical properties. Properties and uses of some important polymers: Natural rubber, cellulose, nylon, Teflon, and PVC.
Practical Organic Chemistry:
Detection of elements (N, S, halogens). Detection and identification of the following functional groups: hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone), carboxyl, amino and nitro. Chemical methods of separation of mono-functional organic compounds from binary mixtures.

For many students, chemistry is the most scoring and easiest in comparison to physics and maths. To excel in this section, practice questions according to their difficulty and solve several JEE question papers which consist of problems from every chapter before the final examination.

Syllabus and Important Topics of JEE Advanced Maths

Complex Numbers Algebra of complex numbers, addition, multiplication, conjugation. Polar representation, properties of modulus and principal argument. Triangle inequality, cube roots of unity. Geometric interpretations.
Quadratic Equations Quadratic equations with real coefficients. Relations between roots and coefficients. Formation of quadratic equations with given roots. Symmetric functions of roots.
Sequence and Series Arithmetic, geometric, and harmonic progressions. Arithmetic, geometric, and harmonic means. Sums of finite arithmetic and geometric progressions, infinite geometric series. Sums of squares and cubes of the first n natural numbers.
Logarithms Logarithms and their properties.
Permutation and Combination Problems on permutations and combinations.
Binomial Theorem Binomial theorem for a positive integral index. Properties of binomial coefficients.
Matrices and Determinants Matrices as a rectangular array of real numbers, equality of matrices, addition, multiplication by a scalar and product of matrices, transpose of a matrix. Determinant of a square matrix of order up to three, the inverse of a square matrix of order up to three. Properties of these matrix operations, diagonal, symmetric and skew-symmetric matrices and their properties. Solutions of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables.
Probability Addition and multiplication rules of probability, conditional probability. Bayes Theorem, independence of events. Computation of probability of events using permutations and combinations.
Trigonometric Functions Trigonometric functions, their periodicity, and graphs, addition and subtraction formulae. Formulae involving multiple and submultiple angles. The general solution of trigonometric equations.
Inverse Trigonometric Functions Relations between sides and angles of a triangle, sine rule, cosine rule. Half-angle formula and the area of a triangle. Inverse trigonometric functions (principal value only).
Properties of Vectors The addition of vectors, scalar multiplication. Dot and cross products. Scalar triple products and their geometrical interpretations.
Differential Calculus:
Functions Real-valued functions of a real variable, into, onto and one-to-one functions. Sum, difference, product, and quotient of two functions. Composite functions, absolute value, polynomial, rational, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions. Even and odd functions, the inverse of a function, continuity of composite functions, intermediate value property of continuous functions.
Limits and Continuity Limit and continuity of a function. Limit and continuity of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions. L’Hospital rule of evaluation of limits of functions.
Derivatives The derivative of a function, the derivative of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions. Chain rule, derivatives of polynomial, rational, trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions. Derivatives of implicit functions, derivatives up to order two, geometrical interpretation of the derivative. Tangents and normals, increasing and decreasing functions, maximum and minimum values of a function. Rolle’s Theorem and Lagrange’s Mean Value Theorem.
Integral calculus:
Integration Integration as the inverse process of differentiation. Indefinite integrals of standard functions, definite integrals, and their properties. Fundamental Theorem of Integral Calculus. Integration by parts, integration by the methods of substitution and partial fractions.
Application of Integration Application of definite integrals to the determination of areas involving simple curves.
Differential Equations Formation of ordinary differential equations. The solution of homogeneous differential equations, separation of variables method. Linear first-order differential equations.

Maths is not difficult but the results won’t be favourable if your basics are not clear. The formulas are the backbone of Mathematics, hence, make proper notes and revise them regularly so that you can easily recall without forgetting them during the examination time. Develop good memory skills as well.

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